Chemical variations and genetic relationships between the Hess and Foy offset dikes at the Sudbury impact structure

1E. A. Pilles,1,2G. R. Osinski,1R. A. F. Grieve,3D. A. Smith,3J. M. Bailey
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [DOI: 10.1111/maps.12986]
1Department of Earth Sciences/Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
2Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
3Wallbridge Mining Company Limited, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

Offset dikes are found concentrically around—and extending radially outward from—the Sudbury Igneous Complex (SIC), which represents an ~3 km thick differentiated impact melt sheet. The dikes are typically composed of an inclusion-rich, so-called quartz diorite (IQD) in the center of the dike, and an inclusion-poor quartz diorite (QD) along the margins of the dike. New exposures of the intersection between the concentric Hess and radial Foy offset dikes provide an excellent opportunity to understand the relationship between the radial and concentric offset dikes and their internal phases. The goal was to constrain the timing of the dike emplacements relative to the impact and formation of the SIC. Results herein suggest that (1) the timing between the emplacement of the QD and IQD melts was geologically short, (2) the Hess and Foy dikes coexisted as melts at the same time and the intersection between them represents a mixture of the two, (3) the Foy dike has a slightly more evolved chemical composition than the Hess dike, and (4) the IQD melt from the Foy dike underwent some degree of chemical fractionation after its initial emplacement.

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