Lithium and boron isotopic compositions of olivine in chondrules from carbonaceous and ordinary chondrite meteorites: implications for the origin of solar 11B/10B ratio

1,3Ming-Chang Liu,2Marc Chaussidon,1Nozomi Matsuda
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2022.12.001]
1Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA
2Université de Paris Cité , Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, CNRS, 1 rue Jussieu, Paris 75005 France
3Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
Copyright Elsevier

The origin of solar 11B/10B ratio ∼4 remains an open question. It has been thought that a significant portion of boron in the Solar System was derived from continuous spallation nucleosynthesis during interactions between Galactic Cosmic Rays and C-N-O nuclei in the interstellar medium. However, because GCR-produced boron is characterized by 11B/10B ∼2.5, an endmember with 11B/10B > 4 is required to account for the solar 11B/10B ratio. Two leading hypotheses for the sources of 11B-rich components include low energy spallation in the Sun’s parental molecular cloud and the neutrino process during the supernova explosions. In this study, lithium and boron elemental and isotopic compositions of seven porphyritic olivine chondrules and one isolated olivine crystal from four meteorites (Allende, Yamato 81020, Asuka 12236, and QUE 97008) were determined in-situ to help constrain which of the two nucleosynthetic mechanisms has most likely supplied the forming Solar System with extra 11B. Apparent isotopic variations in Li/Si, B/Si, δ7Li and δ11B were found in chondrule olivine crystals, but only three chondrules exhibit statistically resolved δ11B heterogeneities. Using these three chondrules as a basis for discussion, we evaluated the processes that could potentially cause elemental and isotopic variations of Li and B. We argue that the data can be best understood in the context of condensation of lithium-boron-rich material onto chondrule precursors in (an) initially heterogeneous gaseous reservoir(s), which could be realized if the Solar System derived 11B-rich components from a supernova or supernovae.

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