Surface Kinetic Temperatures and Nontronite Single Scattering Albedo Spectra from Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter CRISM Hyperspectral Imaging Data Over Glen Torridon, Gale Crater, Mars

1L. He,2R. E. Arvidson,1J. A. O’Sullivan,3R. V. Morris,2T. Condus,2M. N. Hughes,4K. E. Powell
Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets)(In Press) Open Access Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JE007092]
1Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, MO
2Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Washington University in St. Louis, MO
3NASA/Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX
4School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, AZ
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Compact Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) covers the spectral range from 0.362 to 3.92 µm with a midafternoon local solar time data acquisition. For equatorial to midlatitudes, depending on the season and surface materials, wavelengths longer than ∼2.65 µm exhibit spectral radiances on sensor that include sunlight and thermal-emission related terms. We developed a radiative transfer based neural network approach to model both solar and emitted terms in which surface kinetic temperatures are retrieved for each image pixel, together with single scattering albedo (SSA) spectra, over the full CRISM wavelength range. We applied the method to along-track oversampled scene FRT00021C92 over Glen Torridon within Gale Crater, where the Curiosity rover traversed and acquired remote sensing and in-situ data. Synergistic analysis of orbital and rover-based data, coupled with laboratory analyses of ferric-rich smectites, provide a self-consistent set of results for the presence of desiccated nontronite associated with Murray formation mudstones exposed as periodic bedrock ridges located just to the south of Vera Rubin ridge. The desiccated nature is consistent with Curiosity’s CheMin data, which for Glen Torridon drill samples indicate an abundance of nontronite having a collapsed structure resulting from loss of interlayer H2O.

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