Geochemical constraints on the formation of chondrules: Implication from Os and Fe isotopes and HSE abundances in metals from CR chondrites

1Nao NAKANISHI,1Tetsuya YOKOYAMA,1,2Satoki OKABAYASHI,3Hikaru IWAMORI,4Takafumi HIRATA
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2021.11.009]
1Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan
2Department of Applied Chemistry for Environment, Kwansei Gakuin University, Sanda, Hyogo 669-1337, Japan
3Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan
4Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan
Copyright Elsevier

CR chondrites are suitable for understanding the genetic linkage between metals and chondrules due to the unique characteristics of the coexisting metal phases with chondrules. Metal grains are found in three different locations of CR chondrites; chondrule interior (“interior grain”), chondrule surficial shells (“margin grain”), and the matrix (“isolated grain”). Here we report the abundances of highly siderophile elements (HSEs) and major elements in three types of metals (interior, margin, and isolated grains) from three CR chondrites (NWA 801, NWA 7184, and Dhofar 1432) by using femtosecond LA-ICP-MS (fs LA-ICP-MS) and EPMA. Additionally, we report the isotopic compositions of Os and Fe in the metals by using micro-milling sampling coupled with N-TIMS and MC-ICP-MS. The CR metals have variations in 187Os/188Os and δ57Fe values ranging from 0.1193 to 0.1314 and from –1.05 to +0.25, respectively. HSE abundances, except for Pd and Au, in the three types of metals increase as the abundance of Ir increases. A possible explanation for the variations of HSE abundances within and among grains, 187Os/188Os values within each grain, and δ57Fe values among grains, is the condensation of liquid metal from a gaseous reservoir followed by fractional crystallization. Most of the CR metals have negative δ57Fe values, suggesting that Fe in metal phases might have formed by condensation prior to Fe condensation in silicate phases. The chondrules and three types of metal grains in CR chondrites are believed to have formed contemporaneously in the same region. The existence of large isolated metals in matrix and compound chondrules might be the result of collision and merging of the metal and silicate droplets.

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