Carletonmooreite, Ni3Si, a new silicide from the Norton County aubrite meteorite

1,2Laurence A.J. Garvie,3Chi Ma,2Soumya Ray,4Kenneth Domanik,5Axel Wittmann,2Meenakshi Wadhwa
American Mineralogist 106, 1828-1834 Link to Article [http://www.minsocam.org/msa/ammin/toc/2021/Abstracts/AM106P1828.pdf]
1Center for Meteorite Studies, Arizona State University, 781 East Terrace Road, Tempe, Arizona 85287-6004, U.S.A.
2School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 781 East Terrace Road, Tempe, Arizona 85287-6004, U.S.A.
3Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, U.S.A.
4Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1415 N 6th Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85705, U.S.A.5Eyring Materials Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, U.S.A.
Copyright: The Mineralogical Society of America

Carletonmooreite (IMA 2018-68), Ni3Si, is a new nickel silicide mineral that occurs in metal nodules from the Norton County aubrite meteorite. These nodules are dominated by low-Ni iron (kamacite), with accessory schreibersite, nickelphosphide, perryite, and minor daubréelite, tetratae-nite, taenite, and graphite. The chemical composition of the holotype carletonmooreite determined by wavelength-dispersive electron-microprobe analysis is (wt%) Ni 82.8 ± 0.4, Fe 4.92 ± 0.09, and Si 13.08 ± 0.08 (n = 6, total = 100.81) giving an empirical formula of (Ni2.87Fe0.18)Σ3.05Si0.95, with an end-member formula of Ni3Si. Further grains discovered in the specimen after the new mineral submission extend the composition, i.e., (wt%) Ni 81.44 ± 0.82, Fe 5.92 ± 0.93, Cu 0.13 ± 0.02, and Si 13.01 ± 0.1 (n = 11, total = 100.51 ± 0.41), giving an empirical formula (Ni2.83Fe0.22Cu0.004)Σ3.05Si0.95. The backscat-
tered electron-diffraction patterns were indexed by the Pm3m auricupride (AuCu3)-type structure and
give a best fit to synthetic Ni3Si, with a = 3.51(1) Å, V = 43.2(4) Å3, Z = 1, and calculated density of
7.89 g/cm3. Carletonmooreite is silver colored with an orange tinge, isotropic, with a metallic luster and occurs as euhedral to subhedral crystals 1 × 5 μm to 5 × 14 μm growing on tetrataenite into kamacite. The dominant silicide in the Norton County aubrite metal nodules is perryite (Ni,Fe)8(Si,P)3, with
carletonmooreite restricted to localized growth on rare plessite fields. The isolated nature of small euhedral carletonmooreite single crystals suggests low-temperature growth via solid-state diffusion
from the surrounding kamacite and epitaxial growth on the tetrataenite. This new mineral is named in honor of Carleton B. Moore, chemist and geologist, and founding director of the Center for Meteorite Studies at Arizona State University, for his many contributions to cosmochemistry and meteoritics.

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