1,2Ryoichi Nakada,2Tomohiro Usui,3Masashi Ushioda,4Yoshio Takahashi
American Mineralogist 105, 1695–1703 Link to Article [http://www.minsocam.org/msa/ammin/toc/2020/Abstracts/AM105P1695.pdf]
1Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Monobe 200, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8502, Japan
2Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
3Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Central 7, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan
4Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Copyright: The Mineralogical Society of America
The redox condition of magma determines the stability and composition of crystallizing and volatile phases in martian meteorites, reflecting the evolution of the martian interior. In the current study, direct analyses on the oxidation states of V, Cr, and Fe were performed based on the X-ray absorption near- edge structure (XANES) measurements equipped with a micro-sized X-ray beam. We first applied the micro-XANES (μ-XANES) technique to the olivine-hosted glass inclusion and groundmass glass of martian meteorite Yamato 980459 (Y98), which is interpreted as representing a primary melt composi- tion. Mass-balance calculations and XANES spectra comparisons indicated that, while chromite and pyroxene affected Cr and Fe K-edge XANES spectra, the contribution of these minerals was minimal for V. The pre-edge peak intensity of V K-edge XANES enabled the estimation of the oxygen fugac- ity for inclusion and groundmass glasses. The calculated oxygen fugacity (fO2) of the glass inclusions was near the Iron-Wüstite (IW) buffer (IW-0.07 ± 0.32) for the glass inclusion, whereas it was 0.9 log units more oxidized (IW+0.93 ± 0.56) for the groundmass glasses. This result suggests that the redox condition of the parent magma of Y98 evolved during magma ascent and emplacement. Since Y98 is interpreted to have evolved in a closed system, our finding suggests that fractional crystallization and/or ascent of magma potentially induces the fO2 increase. This study shows that the μ-XANES technique enables us to determine the fO2 by only measuring a single phase of glassy compounds, and thus, it is useful to discuss the redox condition of volcanic rocks even if they do not crystallize out several equilibrium phases of minerals.