Terrestrial target and melting site of Libyan Desert Glass: New evidence from trace elements and Sr isotopes

1Giampaolo P. Sighinolfi,1,2Federico Lugli,1Federica Piccione,3Vincenzo DE Michele,1,4Anna Cipriani
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.13550]
1Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 103, Modena, 41225 Italy
2Department of Cultural Heritage, University of Bologna, Via degli Ariani 1, Ravenna, 48121 Italy
3Museo di Storia Naturale, Milan, 20121 Italy
4Lamont‐Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, 10964 USA
Published by arrangement with john Wiley & Sons

Strontium isotopes and selected trace elements (Rb, Sr, REE, Zr, Hf, Th, and U) were measured on samples of Libyan Desert Glass (LDG) and a series of terrestrial materials (rocks, LDG‐bearing soils, eolic sand) collected over a large area of southwestern Egypt to identify the LDG terrestrial parent material and the site where impact melting occurred. Samples include Upper Cretaceous hypersilicic sandstones outcropping at or near the LDG strewn field and Lower Cretaceous to Silurian sandstones from the Gilf Kebir Plateau highlands. Strontium isotopes and partially Zr, Hf, Th, and U, possibly reflecting the composition of detrital zircon grains, are effective indicators of the geochemical affinity between terrestrial materials and LDG, unlike Rb, Sr, and REE abundances. The best geochemical affinity with LDG was found in LDG‐bearing soils collected at the base of intradunal corridors in the Great Sand Sea. Remarkably, abundances of the Zr group elements of the LDG Zr‐bearing phase are distinct from all terrestrial detrital zircons from the area. We suggest a mixture of weathering products from sandstones of different ages, including Devonian and Silurian rocks from the Gilf Kebir highlands, as the most likely source for LDG. A loose sedimentary formation exposed 29 Ma ago at the Earth’s surface, superimposed over hard bedrock, might have been the true terrestrial target of the impact, but because of its incoherent nature, it was rapidly destroyed, explaining the complete absence of any evidence of an impact structure.

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