Infrared spectra and optical constants of astronomical ices: III. Propane, propylene, and Propyne

1Reggie L.Hudson,1Perry A.Gerakines,1,2Yukiko Y.Yarnall,1,3Ryan T.Coones
Icarus (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2020.114033]
1Astrochemistry Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
2Universities Space Research Association, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
3School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AD, UK
Copyright Elsevier

Infrared (IR) spectra of the hydrocarbon ices C3H8 (propane), C3H6 (propylene, propene), and C3H4 (propyne, methylacetylene) are relevant to the study of the low-temperature chemistry and spectroscopy of objects within and beyond the Solar System, but IR band strengths and absorption coefficients are lacking for these compounds. Here we present new IR spectra of crystalline and non-crystalline forms of C3H8, C3H6, and C3H4. Measurements of ice density and refractive index also are reported, two quantities needed to compute IR absorption coefficients, band strengths, optical constants, and, ultimately, abundances of propane, propylene, and propyne in extraterrestrial environments and in laboratory experiments. Suggestions and interpretations are offered regarding the multiple crystalline forms of propane and propylene observed. Applications and extensions are described.

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