Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2020.06.017]
1School of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK
2Department of Earth Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London, SW7 5BD, UK
3Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
Since the discovery of water (a term collectively used for the total H, OH and H2O) in samples derived from the lunar interior, heterogeneity in both water concentration and its hydrogen isotopic ratio has been documented for various lunar phases. However, most previous studies have focused on measurements of hydrogen in apatite, which typically forms during the final stages of melt crystallisation. To better constrain the abundance and isotopic composition of water in the lunar interior, we have targeted melt inclusions (MIs), in mare basalts, that are trapped during the earliest stages of melt crystallisation. Melt inclusions are expected to have suffered minimal syn- or post-eruption modification processes, and, therefore, should provide more accurate information about the history of H in the lunar interior. Here, we report H–/18O– measurements as calibrated water concentrations, and hydrogen isotope ratios obtained by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) in a large set of basaltic MIs from Apollo mare basalts 10020, 10058, 12002, 12004, 12008, 12020, 12040, 14072 and 15016. Our results demonstrate that partially crystallised MIs from lunar basalts and their parental melts were influenced by a variety of processes such as hydrogen diffusion, degassing and assimilation of material affected by solar-wind implantation. Deconvolution of these processes show that lunar basaltic parental magmas were heterogeneous and had a broadly chondritic hydrogen isotopic composition with δD values varying between -200 and +200 ‰.