Origin and Evolution of Distinct Molybdenum Isotopic Variabilities within Carbonaceous and Noncarbonaceous Reservoirs

1Tetsuya Yokoyama,1,2Yuichiro Nagai,1,2Ryota Fukai,2Takafumi Hirata
The Astrophysical Journal 883, 62 Link to Article [DOI
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab39e7]
1Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan
2Geochemical Research Center, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

New high-precision Mo isotopic data were obtained for 10 iron meteorites and two carbonaceous, five ordinary, and two rumuruti chondrites. A clear isotopic dichotomy is observed in μ i Mo−μ 94Mo diagrams between the CC meteorites (carbonaceous chondrites and IVB irons) and other noncarbonaceous (NC) meteorites. The Mo isotope variabilities within the CC meteorites can indicate either s-process matter distributed heterogeneously throughout various chondritic components in the different outer solar system materials or that generated by a local parent-body processing. In contrast, the presence of two end-member components for the Mo isotope composition, that is, NC-A and NC-B, was suggested in the NC reservoir. The NC-B component represents the remaining counterpart of the gaseous source reservoir for type B calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions, which was presumably formed via thermal processing that destroyed r-process-rich carriers. Two models were proposed to consider the observed Mo isotope variability among the NCs. In model 1, the NC-A reservoir was formed closer to the Sun than the NC-B reservoir by another thermal processing that destroyed s-process-depleted phases. The Mo isotopic composition of the NC region changed via outward motion of particles from the two reservoirs, resulting in a gradual change from NC-A- to NC-B-like components as a function of the heliocentric distance. In model 2, the Mo isotopic composition in individual NCs is controlled by the amount of metal and matrix-like material that is removed from and added to the NC-B reservoir. Such a fractionation process most likely occurred locally in time and/or space in the inner solar system.

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