Galactic cosmic ray effects on iron and nickel isotopes in iron meteorites

1David L. Cook,2Ingo Leya,1Maria Schönbächler
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.13446]
1Institute for Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH Zürich, Clausiusstrasse 25, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland
2Space Research and Planetology, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

We present model calculations for cosmogenic production rates in order to quantify the potential effects of spallation and neutron capture reactions on Fe and Ni isotopes in iron meteorites. We aim to determine whether the magnitude of any cosmogenic effects on the isotopic ratios of Fe and/or Ni may hinder the search for nucleosynthetic variations in these elements or in the application of the 60Fe‐60Ni chronometer. The model shows that neutron capture reactions are the dominant source of shifts in Fe and Ni isotopic ratios and that spallation reactions are mostly negligible. The effects on 60Ni are sensitive to the Co/Ni ratio in the metal. The total galactic cosmic ray (GCR) effects on 60Ni and 64Ni can be minimized through the choice of normalizing isotopes (61Ni/58Ni versus 62Ni/58Ni). In nearly all cases, the GCR effects (neutron capture and/or spallation) on Fe and Ni isotopic ratios are smaller than the current analytical resolution of the isotopic measurements. The model predictions are compared to the Fe and Ni isotopic compositions measured in a suite of six group IAB irons with a range of cosmic ray exposure histories. The experimental data are in good agreement with the model results. The minimal effects of GCRs on Fe and Ni isotopes should not hamper the search for nucleosynthetic variations in these two elements or the application of the 60Fe‐60Ni chronometer in iron meteorites or chondrites.

Discuss

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s