Roaldite in the iron-meteorite São Julião de Moreira

1Gert Nolze,2Klaus Heide
Geochemistry (Chemie der Erde) (in Press) Link to Article []
1Dept 5.1, Federal Institute for Materials, Research and Testing (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany
2Institut für Geowissenschaften (IGW), Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (FSU), Germany
Copyright Elsevier

Roaldite – Fe4N – has been identified in the São Julião de Moreira iron meteorite using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and simultaneously acquired energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Mean-periodic-number images derived from raw EBSD patterns confirm this phase by an even higher spatial resolution compared to EDS.
Roaldite appears in the form of systematically and repetitively aligned plates. Despite the locally heavy plastic deformation, it is shown that the origin of the oriented precipitation of roaldite is linked to the orientation of the kamacite matrix. Roaldite can be considered to be precipitated from kamacite using an inverse Kurdjumov-Sachs (K-S) or Nishiyama-Wassermann (N-W) orientation relationship. A more accurate discrimination is impossible due to the accumulated shock deformation, which blurs the local reference orientation of kamacite. The habit plane of roaldite is found to be {112}R, which is most likely parallel to {120}K of kamacite. Some of the roaldite plates contain two orientation variants which repeatedly alternate. Their misorientation angle is about 12°.


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