1Martin R.Lee,1Benjamin E.Cohen,2Ashley J.King,3Richard C.Greenwood
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.07.027]
1School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, U.K
2Department of Earth Science, Natural History Museum (London), Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, U.K
3Planetary and Space Sciences, Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, U.K
Lewis Cliff (LEW) 85311 is classified as a Mighei-like (CM) carbonaceous chondrite, yet it has some unusual properties that highlight an unrealised diversity within the CMs, and also questions how many parent bodies are sampled by the group. This meteorite is composed of rimmed chondrules, chondrule fragments and refractory inclusions that are set in a fine-grained phyllosilicate-rich matrix. The chondrules are of a similar size to those in the CMs, and have narrow fine-grained rims. LEW 85311 has been mildly aqueously altered, as evidenced by the preservation of melilite and kamacite, and X-ray diffraction results showing a low phyllosilicate fraction and a high ratio of cronstedtite to Fe,Mg serpentine. The chemical composition of LEW 85311 matrix, fine-grained rims, tochilinite and P-rich sulphides is similar to mildly aqueously altered CMs. LEW 85311 is enriched in refractory elements and REEs such that its CI-normalised profile falls between the CMs and CVs, and its oxygen isotopic composition plots in the CV-CK-CO field. Other distinctive properties of this meteorite include the presence of abundant refractory inclusions, and hundreds of micrometer size objects composed of needle-fibre calcite. LEW 85311 could come from part of a single CM parent body that was unusually rich in refractory inclusions, but more likely samples a different parent body to most other members of the group that accreted a subtly different mixture of materials. The mineralogical and geochemical evolution of LEW 85311 during subsequent aqueous alteration was similar to other CMs and was arrested at an early stage, corresponding to a petrologic subtype of CM2.7, probably due to an unusually low proportion of accreted ice. The CM carbonaceous chondrites sample multiple parent bodies whose similar size and inventory of accreted materials, including radiogenic isotopes, led to a comparable post-accretionary evolution.