1Akira Yamaguchi,1Makoto Kimura,2,3Jean‐Alix Barrat,4Richard Greenwood
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.13351]
1National Institute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Tokyo, 190‐8518 Japan
2Université Européenne de Bretagne, Lorient, France
3CNRS, UMR 6538 (Domaines Océaniques), U.B.O.‐I.U.E.M., Place Nicolas Copernic, 29280 Plouzané Cedex, France
4Planetary and Space Sciences, Department of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA UK
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons
We performed a petrologic, geochemical, and oxygen isotopic study of the lowest FeO ordinary chondrite (OC), Yamato (Y) 982717. Y 982717 shows a chondritic texture composed of chondrules and chondrule fragments, and mineral fragments set in a finer grained, clastic matrix, similar to H4 chondrites. The composition of olivine (Fa11.17 ± 0.48 (1σ)) and low‐Ca pyroxene (Fs11.07 ± 0.98 (1σ)Wo0.90 ± 0.71(1σ)) is significantly more magnesian than those of typical H chondrites (Fa16.0‐20, Fs14.5‐18.0), as well as other known low‐FeO OCs (Fa12.8‐16.7; Fs13‐16). However, the bulk chemical composition of Y 982717, in particular lithophile and moderately volatile elements, is within the range of OCs. The bulk siderophile element composition (Ni, Co) is within the range of H chondrites and distinguishable from L chondrites. The O‐isotopic composition is also within the range of H chondrites. The lack of reduction textures indicates that the low olivine Fa content and low‐Ca pyroxene Fs content are characteristics of the precursor materials, rather than the result of reduction during thermal metamorphism. We suggest that the H chondrites are more compositionally diverse than has been previously recognized.