Some things special about NEAs: Geometric and environmental effects on the optical signatures of hydration

1S.Potin,1,2P.Beck,1B.Schmitt,3F.Moynier
Icarus (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2019.06.026]
1Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), 414 rue de la Piscine, 38400 Saint-Martin d’Hères, France
2Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, France
3Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), 1 Rue Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France
Copyright Elsevier

Here were report on a laboratory study aiming to reproduce specificities of near-Earth Asteroid. We study how the elevated surface temperature, their surface roughness (rock or regolith), as well as observation geometry can affect the absorption features detected on asteroids. For that purpose, we selected a recent carbonaceous chondrite fall, the Mukundpura CM2 chondrite which fell in India in June 2017. Bidirectional reflectance spectroscopy was performed to analyze the effect of the geometrical configuration (incidence, emergence and azimuth angle) on the measurement. Our results show that reflectance spectra obtained under warm environment (NEA-like) tends to show shallower absorption bands compared to low-temperature conditions (MBA-like), but still detectable in our experiments under laboratory timescales. Irreversible alteration of the sample because of the warm environment (from room temperature to 250 °C) has been detected as an increase of the spectral slope and a decrease of the band depths (at 0.7 μm, 0.9 μm and 2.7 μm). Comparing the meteoritic chip and the powdered sample, we found that surface texture strongly affects the shape of the reflectance spectra of meteorites and thus of asteroids, where a dust-covered surface presents deeper absorption features. We found that all spectral parameters, such as the reflectance value, spectral slope and possible absorption bands are affected by the geometry of measurement. We observed the disappearance of the 0.7 μm absorption feature at phase angle larger than 120°, but the 3 μm band remains detectable on all measured spectra.

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