Sticking Properties of Silicates in Planetesimal Formation Revisited

Tobias Steinpilz, Jens Teiser, and Gerhard Wurm
Astrophysical Journal 874, 60 Link to Article [DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab07bb ]
University of Duisburg-Essen, Faculty of Physics, Lotharstr. 1-21D, Duisburg 47057, Germany

In the past, laboratory experiments and theoretical calculations showed a mismatch in the derived sticking properties of silicates in the context of planetesimal formation. It has been proposed by Kimura et al. that this mismatch is due to the value of the surface energy assumed, supposedly correlated to the presence or lack of water layers of different thickness on a grain’s surface. We present tensile strength measurements of dust aggregates with different water content here. The results are in support of the suggestion by Kimura et al. Dry samples show increased strengths by a factor of up to 10 over wet samples. A high value of γ = 0.2 J m−2 likely applies to the dry low pressure conditions of protoplanetary disks and should be used in the future.

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