Mapping Olivine abundance on Asteroid (25143) Itokawa from Hayabusa/NIRS data

1,4L.Nardi, 1,2E.Palomba, 1,3A.Longobardo, 1,5A.Galiano, 1F.Dirri
Icarus (in Press) Link to Article []
1INAF-IAPS, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Roma 00133, Italy
2ASI-SSDC, via del Politecnico, Roma 00133, Italy
3Università Parthenope, Dist. Centro Direzionale Isola C4, 80143, Italy
4La Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, Roma 00185, Italy
5Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Via Orazio Raimondo 18, Roma 00173, Italy
Copyright Elsevier

Olivine is one of the main abundant mineral in the Solar System, and the determination of its abundance on a surface may give fundamental information about its evolution. The study of surface distribution of olivine on asteroid (25143) Itokawa through near-Infrared reflectance spectroscopy is a difficult goal because olivine and pyroxene bands centred at 1 μm and 2 μm are not entirely included in Hayabusa/NIRS’ spectral range. In this work, the retrieval of olivine abundance has been performed by applying two different methods: the first one uses some spectral indices to retrieve olivine abundance, whilst the second one consists of the application of the Hapke’s theory in order to create synthetic spectra aimed at fitting a selection of NIRS’ spectra. The analysis performed with the first method brought to an approximately homogeneous distribution of olivine content (60  ±  15% on average) on Itokawa’s surface, with the exception of Sagamihara region, which has a slightly (up to 10%) lower olivine content. The second method brought to an average 60  ±  7.5% olivine content within 5 selected spectra, with the same reduction found in the spectrum from the Sagamihara region. All these values are in agreement with literature values on this topic, especially with the ones retrieved from particles sampled in Muses Sea by the Hayabusa probe.



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