U-Pb, Rb-Sr and Ar-Ar systematics of the ungrouped achondrites Northwest Africa 6704 and Northwest Africa 6693

1Yuri Amelin, 1Piers Koefoed, 2Tsuyoshi Iizuka, 3,4,5Vera Assis Fernandes, 6Magdalena H.Huyskens, 6Qing-Zhu Yin, 7Anthony J.Irving
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2018.09.021]
1Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
2Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
3Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions und Biodiversi-tätsforschung, Berlin, Germany
4School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, M13 9PL Manchester, UK
5Instituto Dom Luiz, University of Lisbon, 1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
6Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California at Davis, Davis, California, 95616, USA
7Department of Earth & Space Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Copyright Elsevier

We report U-Pb, 87Rb-87Sr, 40Ar-39Ar , and 238U/235U isotopic data for paired ungrouped achondrites NWA 6704 and NWA 6693 that were derived from a highly oxidised parent body with broadly chondritic composition (Warren et al., 2013, Hibiya et al., 2018). Pb-isotopic ages derived from isochrons for multiple acid-leached pyroxene fractions are 4562.76+0.22/-0.30 Ma for NWA 6704 and 4562.63+0.29/-0.21 Ma for NWA 6693, calculated using 238U/235U ratio of 137.7784±0.0097 measured in NWA 6704. The Rb-Sr mineral isochron age of 4543±46 Ma (initial 87Sr/86Sr=0.699013±0.000055) is consistent with the Pb-isotopic age. Together with 187Re-187Os isochron age of 4576±250 Ma for NWA 6704 (Hibiya et al. 2018), and 26Al-26Mg and 53Mn-53Cr ages calculated using the rapidly crystallized angrite D’Orbigny as a time anchor are also consistent with the Pb-isotopic age (Sanborn et al. 2018), these data indicate that the parent rocks of NWA 6693 and NWA 6704 remained closed to migration of both lithophile and siderophile elements since crystallisation and initial cooling. The whole rock 40Ar-39Ar age of 4199±32 Ma suggests a complete resetting of the K-Ar system approximately 360 Ma after crystallisation. A later event at ≤2.12 Ga partially reset the K-Ar system as shown by the low temperature heating steps. Both meteorites have high 87Rb/86Sr ratios (up to 7.0 in NWA 6693 pyroxene) and very radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr up to 1.15. Together with the absence of secondary disturbance in the Rb-Sr and U-Pb systems, this makes them suitable for cross-calibration of the isotopic chronometers. These meteorites are also promising candidates to serve as age reference samples for the early Solar System chronology, as an alternative or complement to angrites of the early generation (D’Orbigny, Sahara 99555) that are currently used for this purpose. Plagioclase in NWA 6704 has a sufficiently low Rb/Sr ratio to define precise initial 87Sr/86Sr of 0.698997±0.000027, which corresponds to the time of separation of the parent body precursor material from the solar nebula of 1.5±2.1 Ma. This value suggests that the parent asteroid accreted within 3.6 Ma after CAI formation, or before 4563.7 Ma using the CAI age of 4567.3 Ma (Connelly et al. 2012).


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