Volatile element evolution of chondrules through time

1Brandon Mahan, 1,2Frédéric Moynier, 1,2Julien Siebert, 3,4Bleuenn Gueguen, 3Arnaud Agranier, 1,5Emily A. Pringle, 6Jean Bollard, 6James N. Connelly, 1,6Martin Bizzarro
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1807263115]
1Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS UMR 7154, 75238 Paris Cedex 05, France;
2Institut Universitaire de France, 75005 Paris, France;
3Laboratoire Géosciences Océan, UMR CNRS 6538, Université de Bretagne Occidentale et Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, 29280 Plouzané, France;
4UMS CNRS 3113, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, 29280 Plouzané, France;
5Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla CA 92093;
6Center for Star and Planet Formation, University of Copenhagen, DK-1350 Copenhagen, Denmark

Chondrites and their main components, chondrules, are our guides into the evolution of the Solar System. Investigating the history of chondrules, including their volatile element history and the prevailing conditions of their formation, has implications not only for the understanding of chondrule formation and evolution but for that of larger bodies such as the terrestrial planets. Here we have determined the bulk chemical composition—rare earth, refractory, main group, and volatile element contents—of a suite of chondrules previously dated using the Pb−Pb system. The volatile element contents of chondrules increase with time from ∼1 My after Solar System formation, likely the result of mixing with a volatile-enriched component during chondrule recycling. Variations in the Mn/Na ratios signify changes in redox conditions over time, suggestive of decoupled oxygen and volatile element fugacities, and indicating a decrease in oxygen fugacity and a relative increase in the fugacities of in-fluxing volatiles with time. Within the context of terrestrial planet formation via pebble accretion, these observations corroborate the early formation of Mars under relatively oxidizing conditions and the protracted growth of Earth under more reducing conditions, and further suggest that water and volatile elements in the inner Solar System may not have arrived pairwise.

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