Shergottite Northwest Africa 6963: A Pyroxene‐Cumulate Martian Gabbro

1Justin Filiberto et al. (>10)
Journal of Geophysical Research, Planets (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JE005635]
1Southern Illinois University, Department of GeologyCarbondale, IL, USA
2School of Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, Walton Hall, The Open UniversityMilton Keynes, MK, UK
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

Northwest Africa (NWA) 6963 was found in Guelmim‐Es‐Semara, Morocco, and based on its bulk chemistry and oxygen isotopes, it was classified as a Martian meteorite. On the basis of a preliminary study of the textures and crystal sizes, it was re‐subclassified as a gabbroic shergottite because of the similarity with terrestrial and lunar gabbros. However, the previous work was not a quantitative investigation of NWA 6963; to supplement the original re‐subclassification and enable full comparison between this and other Martian samples, here we investigate the mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, quantitative textural analyses, and spectral properties of gabbroic shergottite NWA 6963 to constrain its petrogenesis, including the depth of emplacement (i.e., base of a flow versus crustal intrusion).
NWA 6963 is an enriched shergottite with similar mineralogy to the basaltic shergottites, but importantly, does not contain any fine‐grained mesostasis. Consistent with the mineralogy, the reflectance (VNIR and TIR) spectrum of powdered NWA 6963 is similar to other shergottites because they are all dominated by pyroxene, but its reflectance is distinct in terms of albedo and spectral contrast due to its gabbroic texture. NWA 6963 represents a partial cumulate gabbro that is associated with the basaltic shergottites. Therefore, NWA 6963 could represent a hypabyssal intrusive feeder dike system for the basaltic shergottites that erupted on the surface.

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