Distinct Chlorine Isotopic Reservoirs on Mars.: Implications for character, extent and relative timing of crustal interaction with mantle-derived magmas, evolution of the martian atmosphere, and the building blocks of an early Mars.

1,2C.K. Shearer, 3S. Messenger, 2Z.D. Sharp, 1P.V. Burger,3,4 A.N. Nguyen, 3F.M. McCubbin 
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2018.04.034]
1Institute of Meteoritics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131
2Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131
3NASA Johnson Space Center, Mailcode XI, 2101 NASA Parkway, Houston, Texas 77058
4Jacobs, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058
Copyright Elsevier

The δ37Cl from different generations of apatite in martian meteorite Chassigny has a range of ≈10‰ and is almost as great as measurements made on all martian meteorites (≈14‰). This range represents the mixing of distinct Cl isotope reservoirs during the formation of Chassigny: (1) an isotopically light-Cl mantle reservoir (δ37Cl=-4 to -6‰) that exhibits limited variability and (2) an isotopically heavy Cl crustal reservoir (δ37Cl>0) that exhibits significant variability. The mantle component documented in Chassigny melt inclusions that host a solar noble gas composition are derived from pristine, martian mantle. The incompatible element depleted and enriched shergottite sources as defined by radiogenic isotope systematics and trace element concentration ratios have very similar Cl isotopic signatures and suggest that both are derived from the martian mantle. The enrichment of isotopically heavy Cl in the crust resulted from protracted loss of 35Cl to space that started early in the history of Mars. The Cl isotopic signature of the martian mantle is different from the Earth, Moon, and many primitive meteorites (δ37Cl=0), suggesting that these differences represent distinct Cl sources in the solar nebula. The low δ37Cl source represents the primordial Solar System composition from which Mars accreted. The higher δ37Cl values observed for the Earth, Moon, and many chondrites are not primordial, rather they represent the later incorporation of 37Cl-enriched HCl-hydrates into accreting material.

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