Magmatic evolution of lunar highland rocks estimated from trace elements in plagioclase: A new bulk silicate Moon model with sub-chondritic Ti/Ba, Sr/Ba, and Sr/Al ratios

1Shigeko Togashi, 2Noriko T. Kita, 1Akihiko Tomiya, 1,3Yuichi Morishita
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.04.031]
1Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, Central 7, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba 305-8567, Japan
2Department of Geoscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1215 W Dayton Street Madison, WI 53706-1692, USA
3Department of Geoscience, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan
Copyright Elsevier

The compositions of host magmas of ferroan anorthosites (FAN-host magmas) were estimated from secondary ion mass spectrometry analyses of plagioclase in lunar highland rocks. The evolution of the magmas was investigated by considering phase relations based on the MELTS algorithm and by re-examining partition coefficients for trace elements between plagioclase and melts. Data little affected by post-magmatic processes were selected by using plagioclase with relatively primitive Sc and Co contents. The FAN-host magma contained 90–174 ppm Sr, 40–119 ppm Ba and 0.5–1.3% TiO2, and had sub-chondritic Sr/Ba and Ti/Ba ratios. It is difficult to account for the formation of FAN-host magma on the basis of magma evolution processes of previously proposed bulk silicate Moon models with chondritic ratios for refractory elements at global scale. Therefore, the source of the FAN-host magma must have had primordial sub-chondritic Sr/Ba and Ti/Ba ratios. The FAN-host magmas were consistent in refractory elements with the estimated host mafic magma for feldspathic crust based on lunar meteorites, and some very-low-Ti mare rocks from lunar meteorites. Here, we propose an alternative bulk silicate Moon model (the cBSM model), which is enriched in crustal components of proto-bodies relative to the present whole Earth–Moon system.

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