1,2Martin David Suttle, 1,2Matthew J. Genge, 3Luigi Folco, 2Sara S. Russell
Geochmica et Cosmochmica Acta (in Press) Link to Article [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.03.002]
1Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, SW72AZ, UK
2The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Rd, London SW7 5BD, UK
3Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy
We analysed 44 fine-grained and scoriaceous micrometeorites. A bulk mid-IR spectrum (8-13μm) for each grain was collected and the entire micrometeorite population classified into 5 spectral groups, based on the positions of their absorption bands. Corresponding carbonaceous Raman spectra, textural observations from SEM-BSE and bulk geochemical data via EMPA were collected to aid in the interpretation of mid-IR spectra. The 5 spectral groups identified correspond to progressive thermal decomposition. Unheated hydrated chondritic matrix, composed predominantly of phyllosilicates, exhibit smooth, asymmetric spectra with a peak at ∼10μm. Thermal decomposition of sheet silicates evolves through dehydration, dehydroxylation, annealing and finally by the onset of partial melting. Both CI-like and CM-like micrometeorites are shown to pass through the same decomposition stages and produce similar mid-IR spectra. Using known temperature thresholds for each decomposition stage it is possible to assign a peak temperature range to a given micrometeorite. Since the temperature thresholds for decomposition reactions are defined by the phyllosilicate species and the cation composition and that these variables are markedly different between CM and CI classes, atmospheric entry should bias the dust flux to favour the survival of CI-like grains, whilst preferentially melting most CM-like dust. However, this hypothesis is inconsistent with empirical observations and instead requires that the source ratio of CI:CM dust is heavily skewed in favour of CM material. In addition, a small population of anomalous grains are identified whose carbonaceous and petrographic characteristics suggest in-space heating and dehydroxylation have occurred. These grains may therefore represent regolith micrometeorites derived from the surface of C-type asteroids. Since the spectroscopic signatures of dehydroxylates are distinctive, i.e. characterised by a reflectance peak at 9.0-9.5μm, and since the surfaces of C-type asteroids are expected to be heated via impact gardening, we suggest that future spectroscopic investigations should attempt to identify dehydroxylate signatures in the reflectance spectra of young carbonaceous asteroid families.