Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite

1Chi Ma, 2Chaney Lin, 3Luca Bindi, 2,4Paul J. Steinhardt
American Mineralogist 102, 3 Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-5991]
1Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, U.S.A.
2Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, U.S.A.
3Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Firenze, Via La Pira 4, I-50121 Florence, Italy
4Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, U.S.A.
Copyright: The Mineralogical Society of America

Our nanomineralogy investigation of the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite has revealed three new alloy minerals—hollisterite (IMA 2016-034; Al3Fe), kryachkoite [IMA 2016-062; (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)], and stolperite (IMA 2016-033; AlCu)—in section 126A of USNM 7908. Hollisterite occurs only as one crystal with stolperite, icosahedrite, and khatyrkite, showing an empirical formula of Al2.89Fe0.77Cu0.32Si0.02 and a monoclinic C2/m structure with a = 15.60 Å, b = 7.94 Å, c = 12.51 Å, b = 108.1°, V = 1472.9 Å3, Z = 24. Kryachkoite occurs with khatyrkite and aluminum, having an empirical formula of Al5.45Cu0.97Fe0.55Cr0.02Si0.01 and an orthorhombic Cmc21 structure with a = 7.460 Å, b = 6.434 Å, c = 8.777 Å, V = 421.3 Å3, Z = 4. Stolperite occurs within khatyrkite, or along with icosahedrite and/or hollisterite and khatyrkite, having an empirical formula of Al1.15Cu0.81Fe0.04 and a cubic Embedded Image structure with a = 2.9 Å, V = 24.4 Å3, Z = 1. Specific features of the three new minerals, and their relationships with the meteorite matrix material, add significant new evidence for the extraterrestrial origin of the Al-Cu-Fe metal phases in the Khatyrka meteorite. Hollisterite is named in honor of Lincoln S. Hollister at Princeton University for his extraordinary contributions to earth science. Kryachkoite is named in honor of Valery Kryachko who discovered the original samples of the Khatyrka meteorite in 1979. Stolperite is named in honor of Edward M. Stolper at California Institute of Technology for his fundamental contributions to petrology and meteorite research.

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