Nuclear-blast induced nanotextures in quartz and zircon within Trinitite

1Aaron J. Lussier, 2Sergei Rouvimov, 1,3Peter C. Burns, 1Antonio Simonetti
American Mineralogist 102, 445-460 Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-5739]
1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, U.S.A.
2Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, 46556, U.S.A.
3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, U.S.A.
Copyright: The Mineralogical Society of America

The Half Dome Granodiorite, Yosemite National Park, California, is recognized in the field by euhedral, fresh-looking, black hornblende phenocrysts up to 2 cm in length. This variety of granodiorite typifies intermediate-age hornblende-phyric units of Cretaceous nested plutonic suites in the Sierra Nevada batholith. Although only inclusions of feldspar are evident in hand samples, the phenocrysts are riddled with up to 50% inclusions of every major mineral found in the host granodiorite plus metamorphic minerals formed during cooling. Amphibole compositions within single phenocrysts vary from actinolite with less than 1 wt% Al2O3 to magnesiohornblende with over 8 wt%. Elemental zoning within the amphibole is highly irregular on the micrometer scale, showing patches and polygonal zones with dramatically different compositions separated by sharp to gradual transitions. The chemical compositions of entire phenocrysts are equivalent to hornblende plus a small proportion of biotite, suggesting that the non-biotite inclusions are the result of metamorphism of the phenocrysts. Backscattered electron imaging shows evidence of brecciation that may have been the result of volume changes as hornblende was converted to actinolite. Pressure calculations using the Al-in-hornblende barometer show unreasonably wide variations on the micrometer scale that cannot have been produced by temperature or pressure variations during crystallization. These hornblende phenocrysts would thus be unsuitable for geobarometry, and caution must be used to avoid similarly zoned phenocrysts in the application of the Al-in-hornblende geobarometer.

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