Chelyabinsk – a rock with many different (stony) faces: An infrared study

1Andreas Morlok, 1Addi Bischoff, 1Markus Patzek, 2Martin Sohn, 1Harald Hiesinger
Icarus 284, 431-442 Link to Article [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2016.11.030]
1Institut für Planetologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Wilhelm-Klemm-Str. 10, Münster 48149, Germany
2Hochschule Emden/Leer, Constantiaplatz 4, Emden 26723, Germany
Copyright Elsevier

In order to provide spectral ground truth data for remote sensing applications, we have measured mid-infrared spectra (2–18 µm) of three typical, well-defined lithologies from the Chelyabinsk meteorite that fell on February 15, 2013, near the city of Chelyabinsk, southern Urals, Russia. These lithologies are classified as (a) moderately shocked, light lithology, (b) shock-darkened lithology, and (c) impact melt lithology. Analyses were made from bulk material in four size fractions (0–25 µm, 25–63 µm, 63–125 µm, and 125–250 µm), and from additional thin sections.

Characteristic infrared features in the powdered bulk material of the moderately shocked, light lithology, dominated by olivine, pyroxene and feldspathic glass, are a Christiansen feature (CF) between 8.5 and 8.8 µm; a transparency feature (TF) in the finest size fraction at ∼13 µm, and strong reststrahlen bands (RB) at ∼9.1 µm, 9.5 µm, 10.3 µm, 10.8 µm, 11.2–11.3 µm, 12 µm, and between 16 and 17 µm. The ranges of spectral features for the micro-FTIR spots show a wider range than those obtained in diffuse reflectance, but are generally similar.

With increasing influence of impact shock from ‘pristine’ LL5 (or LL6) material (which have a low or moderate degree of shock) to the shock-darkened lithology and the impact melt lithology as endmembers, we observe the fading/disappearing of spectral features. Most prominent is the loss of a ‘twin peak’ feature between 10.8 and 11.3 µm, which turns into a single peak. In addition, in the ‘pure’ impact melt “endmember lithology” features at ∼9.6 µm and ∼9.1 µm are also lost. These losses are most likely correlated with decreasing amounts of crystal structure as the degree of shock melting increases. These changes could connect mid-infrared features with stages for shock metamorphism (Stöffler et al., 1991): Changes up to shock stage S4 would be minor, the shock darkened lithology could represent S5 and the impact melt lithology S6 and higher.

Similarities of the Chelyabinsk spectra to those of other LL chondrites indicate that the findings of this study could be related to this group of meteorites in general.

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