Alternating augite-plagioclase wedges in basement dolerites of Lockne impact structure, Sweden: A new shock wave-induced deformation feature

1,2A. Agarwal, 2B. Reznik, 1L. M. Alva-Valdivia, 3D. C. Srivastava
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [DOI: 10.1111/maps.12806]
1Laboratorio de Paleomagnetismo, Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico DF, Mexico
2Division of Structural Geology and Tectonophysics, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
3Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh, India
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

This paper reports peculiar alternating augite-plagioclase wedges in basement dolerites of Lockne impact structure, Sweden. The combined microscopic and spectroscopic studies of the micro/nanoscale wedges reveal that these are deformation-induced features. First, samples showing wedges, 12 out of 18 studied, are distributed in the impact structure within a radius of up to 10 km from the crater center. Second, the margins between the augite and labradorite wedges are sharp and the {110} prismatic cleavage of augite develops into fractures and thereafter into wedges. The fractures are filled with molten labradorite pushed from the neighboring bulk labradorite grain. Third, compared to the bulk labradorite, the dislocation density and the residual strain in the labradorite wedges are significantly higher. A possible mechanism of genesis of the wedges is proposed. The mechanism explains that passing of the shock waves in the basement dolerite induced (i) formation of microfractures in augite and labradorite; (ii) development of the augite prismatic cleavages into the wedges, which overprint the microfracture in the labradorite wedges; and (iii) thereafter, infilling of microfractures in the augite wedges by labradorite.

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