3He flux obtained from South Pole air and snow-ice and its connection to interplanetary dust particles

1Kenneth A. Farley,2Susan Taylor,1Jonathan Treffkorn,2James H. Lever,2Anthony L. Gow
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.13759]
1California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, 91125 USA
2US Army Engineer Research and Development Center Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, New Hampshire, 03755 USA
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

Researchers have characterized extraterrestrial (ET) helium, likely carried by interplanetary dust particles (IDPs), in deep-sea sediments spanning more than the last 100 Myr. Here we complement those low resolution and deep time studies by measuring He in modern Antarctic air and recent ice. We analyzed 180 air filter samples collected in 2017 and 2018 at the South Pole and detected 3He above blank levels in 178. The filters collected during the austral springs had elevated 3He in multiple subsamples indicating the presence of many individual IDPs and potentially, a temporal variation in the ET small particle flux. Our calculated mean 3He flux of 1.4 ± 1.2 × 10−12 cc STP cm−2 ka−1 is the first such measurement from air samples. We also melted, filtered, and analyzed one hundred and forty-one 1 m-long ice sections from a ˜2000-yr-old South Pole core. We detected 3He above blank levels in 139 of the 141 ice core samples and calculated an average flux of 1.2 ± 0.3 × 10−12 cc STP cm−2 ka−1. Our two flux values are within a factor of two of those calculated from stratospheric IDP concentrations, those previously measured for sections of the GISP2 and Vostok ice cores, and from sediment cores from different locations and ages. The similarity of these flux values over disparate time scales (1–108 yr) and geographic locations (90° S to equator) indicates modest temporal variability and remarkable agreement among diverse IDP archives. These data provide a compelling link from IDPs collected in the stratosphere to those recorded in deep time sedimentary archives.

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