Probing molecular and isotopic features of meteoritic insoluble organic matter by solid‐state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy with sub‐milligram sample

1M. K. Pandey, 2,3Y. Nishiyama, 4,5,6P. Tekely
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.13209]
1Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India
2RIKEN CLST‐JEOL Collaboration Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
3JEOL Resonance Inc., Akishima, Tokyo, Japan
4École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France
5Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
6CNRS, UMR 7203 Laboratoire des Biomolécules, Paris, France
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

We recorded one‐ and two‐dimensional solid‐state nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of meteoric insoluble organic matter with unprecedented sensitivity and resolution permitting us to reveal unambiguous spectroscopic fingerprints relevant to its molecular and isotopic features. Two‐dimensional 1H‐1H and 1H‐13C correlation experiments have unveiled the spatial proximity between aliphatic and aromatic groups proving a highly branched character of a rigid macromolecular network composed of short aliphatic chains linking together small aromatic units. One‐dimensional 2H and two‐dimensional 1H‐2H correlation spectroscopy delivered evidence of significant reduction in the deuterium enrichment of aromatic species relevant to interstellar processes, proto‐planetary disk chemistry, and to determining the origin of the meteoritic insoluble organic matter. The experimental approach developed in this work opens new perspectives for systematic and nondestructive analysis at the molecular level of meteoritic insoluble organic matter even with a very small amount of sample from some particularly rare chondrites.

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