Image Reconstruction Techniques in Neutron and Gamma‐Ray Spectroscopy: Improving Lunar Prospector Data

1J. T. Wilson,1D. J. Lawrence,1P. N. Peplowski,1J. T. S. Cahill,2V. R. Eke,2R. J. Massey,3L. F. A. Teodoro
Journal of Geophysical Research, Planets (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JE005589]
1The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA
2Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, Durham University, Science Laboratories, Durham, UK
3BAER, Planetary Systems Branch, Space Sciences and Astrobiology Division, MS 245‐3, NASA Ames Research CenterMoffett Field, CA, USA
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons

We present improved resolution maps of the Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer thermal, epithermal and fast neutron data and Gamma‐Ray Spectrometer Th‐line fluxes via global application of pixon image reconstruction techniques. With the use of mock data sets, we show that the pixon image reconstruction method compares favorably with other methods that have been used in planetary neutron and gamma‐ray spectroscopy. The improved thermal neutron maps are able to clearly distinguish variations in composition across the lunar surface, including within the lunar basins of Hertzsprung and Schrödinger. The improvement in resolution reveals a correlation between albedo and thermal neutron flux within the basins. The consequent increase in dynamic range confirms that Hertzsprung basin contains one of the most anorthositic parts of the lunar crust, including nearly pure anorthite over a region tens of km in diameter. At Orientale, the reconstructed epithermal neutron data show broad overlap with cpr but there remains a mismatch between measures of regolith maturity that sample the surface and those that probe the near‐subsurface, which is consistent with a complex layering scenario.

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