1Shaolin Li, 2,3Weibiao Hsu
Meteoritics & Planetary Science (in Press) Link to Article [https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.13110]
1Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
2School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
3Space Science Institute, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China
Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons
The disruption of the L chondrite parent body (LCPB) at ~470 Ma is currently the best‐documented catastrophic celestial impact event, based on the large number of L chondritic materials associated with this event. Uranium‐lead (U‐Pb) dating of apatite and its high‐pressure decomposition product, tuite, in the Sixiangkou L6 chondrite provides a temporal link to this event. The U‐Pb system of phosphates adjacent to shock melt veins was altered to varying degrees and the discordance of the U‐Pb system correlates closely with the extent of apatite decomposition. This suggests that the U‐Pb system of apatite could be substantially disturbed by high‐temperature pulse during shock compression from natural impacts, at least on the scale of mineral grains. Although many L chondrites can be temporally related to the catastrophic LCPB impact event, the shock conditions experienced by each individual meteorite vary. This could be due to the different geologic settings of these meteorites on their parent body. The shock pressure and duration derived from most meteorites may only reflect local shock features rather than the impact conditions, although they could provide lower limits to the impact conditions. The Sixiangkou shock duration (~4 s), estimated from high‐pressure transformation kinetics, provides a lower limit to the high‐pressure pulse of the LCPB disruption impact. Combined with available literature data of L chondrites associated with this impact event, our results suggest that the LCPB suffered a catastrophic collision with a large projectile (with a diameter of at least 18–22 km) at a low impact velocity (5–6 km s−1). This is consistent with astronomical estimates based on the dynamical evolution of L chondritic asteroids.